The old city is restricted to pedestrians and revolves around the Piazza Maggiore, a huge square that goes back to the Middle-Ages and was reconfigured as centuries went by. It is riddled with historical monuments and buildings, such as the infamous Bologna archways that stretch on almost 40 km. On the Piazza itself, the Palazzo d'Accursio shelters the current city hall and a museum.
Symbols of the Bologna, the Asinelli and Garisenda towers were built in the 11th and 12th centuries by powerful families to avoid wars. They are both leaning and the tallest in the city. Today, only 20 of these towers remain, but in the past, they were close to a hundred. Nearby, the Fountain of Neptune which was built out of bronze and marble in 1560 is the symbol of the papal power. Spread across the heart of the city, many other monuments are just waiting for you to discover them, like the Palazzo Podesta or the Palazzo Re Enzo. And remember, you can always ask your way around when in Bologna!